Health Library

Screening for Kidney Cancer

Screening is a way to evaluate people without symptoms to determine if they are at risk for cancer or have already developed cancer.

Screening involves:

  • An assessment of your medical history and lifestyle habits that may increase your risk of kidney cancer
  • Tests to identify early signs of kidney cancer

Screening Guidelines

Screening is recommended only for people with certain risk factors, such as Von Hippel-Lindau disease or those receiving dialysis.

Screening Tests

CT scan—This is a type of x-ray that uses a computer to produce cross-sectional images of the inside of the body.

MRI scan—This test uses magnetic waves to produce images of the inside of the body. Using a large magnet, radio waves, and a computer, an MRI produces 2D and 3D pictures.

Ultrasound—This test uses sound waves to produce images of the inside of the body.

References

About kidney cancer. Kidney Cancer Association website. Available at: http://www.kidneycancer.org/knowledge/learn/about-kidney-cancer. Updated January 29, 2013. Accessed June 20, 2013.
Kidney cancer. American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/cancer/kidneycancer/index. Accessed June 20, 2013.
Kidney cancer. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/kidney. Accessed June 20, 2013.