Health Library

Reducing Your Risk of Peptic Ulcer Disease

Limit NSAID UsePractice Good HygieneQuit SmokingDrink Alcohol in Moderation

Limit nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen and aspirin. Only use the minimum amount when needed.

H. pylori infection is a common cause of peptic ulcer disease. Washing hands often and only drinking water from a safe source can help lower this risk.

Smoking causes inflammation and increases stomach acid.

Alcohol can irritate the stomach lining. The risk of ulcers in higher in those who drink and take certain medicines, such as NSAIDs. Limit alcohol to 2 drinks a day for men and 1 drink a day for women.

References

Lanas A, Chan FKL. Peptic ulcer disease. Lancet. 2017;390(10094):613-624.

Peptic ulcer disease. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/peptic-ulcer-disease. Accessed May 5, 2022.

Peptic ulcer disease. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/gastrointestinal-disorders/gastritis-and-peptic-ulcer-disease/peptic-ulcer-disease. Accessed May 5, 2022.

Peptic ulcers (stomach ulcers). National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/peptic-ulcers-stomach-ulcers/all-content. Accessed May 5, 2022.