Health Library

Pes Cavus

Definition

Pes cavus is a foot that has an abnormally high arch.

Causes

Pes cavus may be caused by another health problem, such as:

Risk Factors

This problem is more common in people who are over 60 years of age. It is also more common in women.

Symptoms

Some people may not have symptoms. People who do may have:

  • Pain in one or both feet
  • Problems walking
  • A history of ankle sprains
  • Calluses
Claw Toes
claw toe
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Diagnosis

You will be asked about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done. It will focus on your feet. This is enough to make the diagnosis.

Images may be needed to confirm the diagnosis. This can be done with x-rays .

Treatment

Any health problems causing pes cavus will need to be treated. These methods may also be used:

  • Physical therapy
  • A change in shoes, shoe inserts, or a brace to manage symptoms

People who are not helped by these methods may need surgery. The type of surgery done depends on what is causing the pes cavus.

Prevention

There are no known guidelines to prevent pes cavus.

Resources

American Podiatric Medical Association
http://www.apma.org

Foot Health Facts—American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
http://www.foothealthfacts.org

Canadian Resources

Canadian Federation of Podiatric Medicine
http://www.podiatryinfocanada.ca

Canadian Podiatric Medical Association
http://www.podiatrycanada.org

References

Cavus foot (high-arched foot). American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons website. Available at: https://www.foothealthfacts.org/conditions/cavus-foot-(high-arched-foot). Accessed July 30, 2020.

Eleswarapu AS, Yamini B, et al. Evaluating the Cavus Foot. Pediatr Ann. 2016 Jun 1;45(6):e218-222.

Pes cavus. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114709/Pes-cavus . Updated September 26, 2017. Accessed July 30, 2020.